In two recent proposals, CMS outlines numerous changes to technical aspects of the Medicare Part D program — many of which are related to provisions in the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) that restructured the Part D benefit phases. Sources tell AIS Health, a division of MMIT, that the proposals could have both positive and negative effects on Part D plan sponsors and beneficiaries and will likely attract a bevy of industry feedback.
The documents in question are the 2025 Advance Notice of payment changes for Medicare Advantage and Part D plans and the Draft 2025 Part D Redesign Program Instructions. While the Advance Notice is unveiled around the same time every year, the draft Part D redesign instructions are being issued to help implement provisions of the IRA that make major changes to the structure of the Part D benefit.
UnitedHealth Group’s Optum division recently launched a new direct-to-consumer telehealth prescribing venture as part of its Optum Perks vertical, joining a crowded field of DTC prescribing and dispensing. Experts say that the Optum Perks debut is proof that DTC prescribing around “lifestyle drugs” will likely continue to grow rapidly, but they say that there are clear downsides around utilization management and care coordination — particularly where glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists are concerned.
Optum Perks’ rollout follows closely on the heels of Eli Lilly & Co.’s Lilly Direct launch, which also saw a health care giant steer into DTC prescribing waters. Lilly and industry watchers say that Lilly Direct is mainly intended to dispense its tirzepatide GLP-1 drugs, known by the brand names Mounjaro and Zepbound. Patients may or may not be able to obtain GLP-1s from Optum Perks; UnitedHealth’s press release doesn’t have a comprehensive list of drugs offered under the service, although it says that “low-cost care and prescription treatments for hundreds of conditions ranging from acne to a cough to high blood pressure” are available.
Payers face challenges incorporating drug spending into value-based payment models, making it difficult to reduce overall health care costs, according to panelists who participated in a session at the virtual Value-Based Payment Summit on Jan. 31. The speakers were encouraged with the increased attention being paid to expensive medications and difficulties in ensuring people take their prescriptions. However, they stressed that more needs to be done to educate providers and ensure pharmacy spending is in check.
Frank W. McStay, II, assistant research director at the Duke University Margolis Institute for Health Policy and the session’s moderator, noted the federal government and states have recently proposed and implemented policies to reduce drug costs and increase access to medications. For instance, the Biden administration on Jan. 30 announced that it planned to increase access to sickle cell treatments via the Cell and Gene Therapy (CGT) Access Model that CMS introduced last year.
During the recent fourth-quarter earnings calls held by their diversified parent companies, the Big Three PBMs — The Cigna Group’s Express Scripts, UnitedHealth Group’s Optum Rx and CVS Health Corp.’s Caremark — factored prominently into discussions of the firms’ financial results and future growth strategies.
When CVS Health reported its quarterly and full-year results on Feb. 7, CEO Karen Lynch wasted little time before describing what she called CVS’s “innovative models and offerings that create more transparency and choice for consumers and clients.”
The pharmaceutical and health products industry, which has consistently outspent all other industries on federal campaign contributions and lobbying, spent nearly $378.6 million in 2023 to further policy goals, according to data compiled by OpenSecrets.
With the 2024 presidential election around the corner, the pharma/health products industry nearly evenly distributed their donated campaign funds to Democratic and Republican lawmakers during the 2023-2024 election cycle. Among the 20 lawmakers who received the most contributions from the industry, nine are Democrats. President Joe Biden, who is running for re-election this year, topped the list, receiving over $232,000.
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